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Risk Factors for Achilles Tendon Injuries

Tuesday, 26 December 2023 00:00

Achilles tendon injuries can affect anyone, but certain factors increase the likelihood of tendon problems. These factors include changes in an athlete's training schedule or intensity, shifts in playing surfaces or footwear, or having tight or weak calf muscles. Additionally, excessive pronation during walking or running, and chronic ankle instability may contribute to developing an Achilles tendon injury.  An individual may be at a higher risk for these injuries from leg-length discrepancies, regular high-heel use, or intense training on hills. Increasing age, the use of specific antibiotics such as fluoroquinolones, and having high-arched feet may also lead to an Achilles tendon injury. If you have one or more of these risk factors and are experiencing recurrent pain or weakness in your heel or ankle, it is suggested that you visit a podiatrist.

Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact Massimo Pietrantoni, DPM of Rochester Podiatry, LLP. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is the Achilles Tendon?

The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can create immense difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.

What Are the Symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?

There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common injuries are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.

Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms

  • Inflammation
  • Dull to severe pain
  • Increased blood flow to the tendon
  • Thickening of the tendon

Rupture Symptoms

  • Extreme pain and swelling in the foot
  • Total immobility

Treatment and Prevention

Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:

  • Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise
  • Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Brighton and Greece of Rochester, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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